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Questions about applying psychological theory to classrooms

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1. Analyze extrinsic and intrinsic motivation. Evaluate their effectiveness with regard to student learning.

2. Compare the behavioral, cognitive, and humanistic approaches to motivation. Which approach will you favor as a classroom teacher and why?

3. Compare and contrast the terms inductive and deductive learning strategies. Discuss the advantages of using both instructional techniques in the classroom.

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Solution Summary

Answers to the following questions:
1. Analyze extrinsic and intrinsic motivation. Evaluate their effectiveness with regard to student learning.

2. Compare the behavioral, cognitive, and humanistic approaches to motivation. Which approach will you favor as a classroom teacher and why?

3. Compare and contrast the terms inductive and deductive learning strategies. Discuss the advantages of using both instructional techniques in the classroom.

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1. First of all, extrinsic motivation is external, wheras intrinsic motivation is internal. So when you're intrinsically motivated, you do something because you want to; maybe a little boy studies very hard in Science class because he loves astronomy and wants to learn about the planets. Extrinsic motivation is usually provided by a teacher or parent, and is some kind of reward. Perhaps you tell a little girl that if she can get an "A" on her math test, you will buy her some new earrings. In education, you want to encourage intrinsic motivation wherever possible. However, when you're talking about kids who have a negative attitude about learning, extrinsic motivation can get kids to actually learn about a subject. Hopefully, once they get into it, they'll like it and then their motivation will become intrinsic. Especially if the teacher presents the subject in a way that is engaging and enjoyable as well as informative.

2. The behavioral approach deals with rewards and consequences: If Juan does his homework, he gets a sticker. If not, he has to stay in for recess. Skinner also emphasized schedules of reinforcement, so that you don't have to be giving out prizes every time a kid does his homework. As a teacher, I use behavioral theory a lot because I have to find just the right rate to reward kids at. For example, I had to figure out how often I should give prizes for doing homework. I didn't ...

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