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Nurses and Knowledge

1. Discuss the various ways nurses have traditionally gained knowledge; the pro's and con's.
2. What types of research problems might be more appropriately addressed by qualitative versus quantitative methods?

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Please see response below, which is supplemented with two highly informative articles.

RESPONSE:

Let's take a closer look through discussion and research, which you can draw on for your final discussion paper.

1. Discuss the various ways nurses have traditionally gained knowledge; the pros and cons.

Traditionally, nurses depended mostly on experience and intuition. For example, Estabrooks asked staff nurses about the frequency with which they used various sources of knowledge. Most reported traditional sources of knowledge, such as: experiential, nursing school (even though the average length of time since completing their basic nursing education program was 18 years), workplace sources, physician sources, intuitions, and what has worked for years. However, literature (whether in textbook or journal form) was rated in the bottom 5 for frequency. She also asked them to identify the one most common source from which they learned about research findings. While 38.7% identified nursing journals, additional analyses revealed that the primary journals the nurses were reading were not research journals, but rather trade magazines published by nursing professional organizations
(Estabrooks CA. Will evidence-based nursing practice make practice perfect? C J Nurs Res 1998;30:15-36. Retrieved July 27, 2007, from http://www.cebm.utoronto.ca/syllabi/nur/intro.htm#3).

Traditional sources of nursing knowledge are important, e.g. experience and intuition play an important role in nursing practice that results in the following items listed under pros.

Pros

· Enhanced clinical judgment,
· Effective decision-making, and
· Crisis aversion (Parissopoulos, 2005) (http://www.nursing.gr/intuition.pdf) (attached for convenience)

Cons:

· However, evidence-based knowledge is also imperative, so experience and intuition have its limits, unless it is rooted in current evidence-based knowledge that keeps a person informed of important current findings, things ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses the various ways nurses have traditionally gained knowledge, including the pro's and con's of each methos. It also discusses the types of research problems might be more appropriately addressed by qualitative versus quantitative methods. Supplemented with two highly informative articles.

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