Learning theories fall into two major families: behaviorist/connectionist theories and cognitive/gestalt theories.?Behaviorist philosophies include such diverse theorists as Thorndike, Pavlov, Guthrie, Skinner, and Hull. Cognitive theorists include Tolman and the classical gestalt psychologists.?
Behaviorist or connectionist theories measure behaviors that can be observed. Watching how an individual reacts to stimuli and what types of behaviors are displayed. This response can be reinforced with either positive or negative feedback. Rewarding an individual is one way to reinforce positive behaviors, grounding a teenager is a way to eliminate negative behaviors.
Using the behaviorist approach in education places little or no emphasis or responsibility on individual learning. How or why the knowledge was learned is not a concern of the ...
This solution is comprised of over 300 words with references on the different types of learning theories. Includes examples of each theory.