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    Analysis of assessment item types.

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    Please assist in providing feedback on the following: Portfolios, Binary-Choice, Multi binary-choice items, Multiple-choice items, Matching items, Short-answer items, Essay items, Observation approach tests. What are some advantages and disadvantages of each? Also, please provide resources/citations that I may use to further develop my response.

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    Included in the attached document are APA formatted suggestions for this assignment. You will need to augment these suggestions with additional content of your own, from the suggested resources or from others that you locate, to supplement the material I have suggested, and to add your own voice and personality to the paper that you will eventually write from these suggestions.

    I attached the document because this text box does not show italics, and they are required for APA (6th edition) citations of references. The suggested model response paper is copied and pasted here for you to see:

    Advantages and Disadvantages of Various Assessment Types

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    Advantages and Disadvantages of Various Assessment Types
    Assessment is a thorny problem for today's educators. What curriculum content to assess? How often to assess? How to modify assessments for special learners? How to address varied learning styles with assessments? How to administer assessments? What particular assessment types to use? Answering all of these questions would require a textbook (or two) and is beyond the scope of this treatise. However, discussing the varied assessment types that are available for modern educators to use will answer one question and shed some light on the remaining questions, as well.
    Many assessments are written, objective tests. Binary choice assessments are composed of test items that have only two possible responses. These include true/false, yes/no, correct/incorrect, fact/opinion, and other similar two-choice responses. Contrary to popular opinion, carefully crafted true/false items can address the higher cognitive levels of Bloom's taxonomy. The critical word is carefully crafted items. Popham's (n.d.) suggested rules for formulating these items include avoiding negative statements, phrasing statements so that a cursory reading by the student suggests the wrong answer, addressing only one concept per question, and having a similar number of items representing each possible answer. Advantages to utilizing this type of test item include the ease of creating, administering, and scoring them. Disadvantages include test validity issues because of the 50% probability of students obtaining correct answers by guessing (Mandernach, 2003). For this reason, this assessment item is often used in low-stakes on-the-spot quizzes, rather than higher-stakes summative or cumulative testing.
    Multiple binary choice test items are similar to simple binary choice items in that responses are still of two possible choices, as are the binary choice items. The difference between the two is that multiple binary choice items begin with a statement or a stem as the overarching basis of the topic and then a number of two choice questions follow, based upon the statement or stem content. Rules for construction of these items are similar to the rules for ...

    Solution Summary

    Discussion, with references in APA 6th edition, of the advantages/disadvantages of portfolios, binary-choice, multi-binary choice, multiple choice, matching, short-answer, essay and observation tests/assessments.