The main purpose of a scholarly journal is to report on original research or experimentation in order to make such information available to the rest of the scholarly world. The guidelines mentioned in the solution prove useful when examining the credibility of sources of information whether it is from institutions, organizations, agencies, periodicals or other resources.
Peer-reviewed articles are those that have been submitted by a journal's editors to selected scholars or "peers" in the academic fields. These experts may or may not be otherwise affiliated with the journal. Based in part on the evaluations returned, the editors then determine which articles will be published. By way of contrast, non-peer-reviewed articles are those that reach publication based entirely on the opinions or judgment of a journal's editors. Many journals, and all magazines, are not peer-reviewed.
Some characteristics of peer-reviewed articles:
â?¢Are written by a scholar or a professional in the field
â?¢They always cite their sources of information in the form of footnotes or bibliography, there is clarity of purpose and methodology, contains an abstract, a descriptive summary of the article contents, before the main text of the article.
â?¢They provide research results
â?¢Use specialized vocabulary and is aimed at a scholarly audience
In our information age world, one of the main criteria of research and doctoral studies particularly is the consultation of scholarly sources. The main purpose of a scholarly journal is to report original research or experimentation and to communicate this information to the rest of the academic world. This solution describes the differences between peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed articles and ways in which credibility is distinguished in different sources of information.