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Educational Assessments

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As a teacher, can you help me explain such questions as:
a. How should assessments be carried out?
b. What are their purpose(s)?
c. Is one type of assessment better than another type?
d. Is standardized assessment overused or underused in schools?

Please cite any references used in APA format.

Thanks for getting me started on this!!

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Educational assessments

1. WHAT ARE ASSESSMENTS?
An assessment is how information is collected about what people can do and what they may need help with. There are many kinds of assessment, depending on the purposes for which they are conducted. For teachers, or in school, we term it Educational Assessment.
'Educational assessment is the process of documenting, usually in measurable terms, knowledge, skills, attitudes and beliefs. ...'(en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assessments).

2. WHAT ARE THE PURPOSES OF ASSESSMENTS?

Assessments in education are needed to achieve educational goals. They serve as control mechanisms by which a teacher or the school, is guided towards the attainment of the pre-set goals because assessment results shall be used as bases for evaluation in determining how far the teacher is from reaching that goal. Assessments set the focus in Education

Assessment studies may take place at the subject, department, or Institute level, and range in size and scope from a pilot study to a complex project that addresses a number of different topics, involves hundreds of students, and includes a variety of methodologies. (http://web.mit.edu/tll/assessment-evaluation/types.html)
3. WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF ASSESSMENT?
Typically, assessment efforts are divided into two types, formative or summative.(http://web.mit.edu/tll/assessment-evaluation/types.html)
Formative Assessment
Formative assessment implies that the results will be used in the formation and revision process of an educational effort. Formative assessments are used in the improvement of educational programs. This type of assessment is the most common form of assessment in higher education. Since educators are ...

Solution Summary

Definition of Assessment specifically, Educational Assessments, the types of assessments, various methods of assessment and the purposes of assessment. It includes a discussion on whether one type of assessment is better than the other, and whether standardized assessment is overused or underused in schools.

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