Compare learning theories from the 1970s to the 2010s. Why have some of these theories, delivery methods, and instructional tools endured over time? Why have some not? How has social interaction during the past 50 years influenced adult education?© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 16, 2018, 10:58 pm ad1c9bdddf
Over the last 40+ years the theoretical frameworks that have shaped adult learning (or andragogy, as popularized by Malcolm S. Knowles in 1973) have been recalibrated but rarely abandoned or ceased to be used. The first theoretical framework was proposed by Knowles who posited that adult learners were different than traditional students because of several principles that shaped adults learning experiences. First adults need to know why they are learning information because if it will not benefit their livelihoods or careers, the adult learner will not be motivated to learn. Next adults are learners with self-concepts and motivation, which posits that they should be treated as equals by teachers as opposed to a student pupil relationship. The reason for the second concept is because of the life experiences that adult learners bring into the classroom. Teachers who teach adult learners must recognize the importance of these life experiences and incorporate them into the lesson plan.
The next phase in the adult learning dichotomy was initiated by Robert W. Pike in (1989). Pike built upon Knowles initial theoretical concept to add additional principles that were imperative for the adult learning experience. The first principle is that adult learners must learn through action wherein they are able to take a hands-on approach to learning. Involving these learners in the entire process of learning is vital because their adult life experiences must be respected and used to create lesson plans that cater to their learning styles predicated upon these experiences. Using the adult students ideas, suggestions, and participation to create the classroom environment most desired by the adult learners is imperative for success
Sharon Fisher ...
The learning theories comparisons are examined. The social interactions during the past 50 years influenced adult education are determined.
Comparion and contrast Albert Bandura and Roger Sperry. (differences between the two theorists)
Bandura's theory places particular emphasis on cognitive mediating factors such as self-efficacy beliefs and outcome expectancies. Sperry's theory of hemispheric specialization had some positive effects in the general population, since people gained a better understanding of nonverbal forms of intelligence.View Full Posting Details