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There are two regulating bodies, one at the federal level and one at the state level, the National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN) and State Board of Nursing. For example:
? ThE NCSBN recognizes that it is the state boards of nursing that carry out the important role of approving nursing education programs and authorizing graduates' eligibility to apply to take the NCLEX examination.
? Early in the twentieth century, state boards of nursing were established with standards for licensure and approval of nursing education programs. Such standards were not in existence within or between states prior to that time.
? In the 1998 NCSBN Position Paper they indicate that -
"Initially, state boards of nursing were created with the legal authority to license nurses, discipline nurses for unsafe practice, and develop rules and approve nursing education programs for the purpose of protecting the health, safety and welfare of the public. When national nursing organizations evolved to accredit nursing education programs, state boards of nursing continued their approval processes utilizing the legal standards of nursing education that were found in the various nursing practice acts and rules and regulations".
? Mission and purpose: The dual process of program evaluation was established: approval of programs by boards of nursing to promote safe and competent practice, and accreditation by professional nursing organizations to promote excellence in education.
? NCSBN reports that graduation from an approved school of nursing is a criterion for licensure in every jurisdiction. Recent data indicates that 58 of 60 boards of nursing have the authority to approve basic nursing education programs.
? In the 1997 NCSBN Position Paper entitled "Use of Terms Approval and Accreditation," approval is defined as "mandatory and legal recognition of a nursing program to begin and/or continue to operate."
? In the paper it is stated that "Approval also requires compliance with essential educational standards to protect both the students who are enrolled in the program and the public who will receive nursing care from the graduates of the program. Participation by regulatory bodies in the approval process is congruent with their legal responsibility."
? Approval by regulating bodies is viewed as a mandatory process whereby an educational program seeks authorization to begin and continue operating by complying with essential educational standards.
? In contrast, ACCREDITATION, is a voluntary process that focuses on program ...
This solution assists in analyzing the similarities and differences between regulation and accrediting bodies in reference to higher education in nursing. References and supplementary article are also provided.