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Discussion on uniformitarianism and catastrophism in geology

Contrast the philosophies of Catastrophism and Uniformitarianism. What are the major differences in the how each philosophy addresses the age of the Earth? Finally, while neither philosophy should be taken too literally, which philosophy has been deemed more accurate by the scientific community and why?

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Catastrophism states that the Earth's landscapes had been shaped primarily by great catastrophes. Features such as mountains and canyons were explained as having been produced by sudden and often worldwide disasters produced by unknowable causes that no longer operate. Catastrophism was an attempt to fit the rates of Earth processes to the ...

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In this solution I discuss and contrast the two geologic philosophies of uniformitarianism and catastrophism.