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Earth science multiple choice

1. The apparent daily path of the Sun changes with the seasons because: *
Earth's axis is tilted.
Earth's distance from the Sun changes.
The Sun revolves.
The Sun rotates.

2. Energy is transferred from the Sun to Earth mainly by: *
Molecular collisions
Density currents
Electromagnetic waves
Red shifts

3. Which of the following is the chemical formula for calcite?: *
CaCO3
CaMgSO4
FeCO3
FeS2

4. The name of a rapid rise of coastal water that accompanies the arrival of a cyclone is called: *
Hurricane
Storm surge
Tidal wave
Cyclonistat

5. What percentage of the earth's water is fresh water?: *
50%
22%
7%
3%

6. Which layer of the atmosphere contains the ozone layer?: *
Thermosphere
Exosphere
Stratosphere
Troposphere

7. The fossil archaeopteryx is the earliest known example of: *
Mammal
Fish
Bird
Snake

8. What is the name given to a region where one plate of the earth's crust is sliding under another?: *
Induction zone
Abduction zone
Reduction zone
Subduction zone

9. Which of the following is true of an earthquake's epicenter and focus?: *
They are the same.
The focus is above the epicenter.
The epicenter is at the Earth's surface.
The focus is at the Earth's inner core.

10. Where does most of the energy comes from that fuels ocean life?: *
Land plants
Land animals
Dissolved gases
The sun

11. Compared to dull and rough rock surfaces, shiny and smooth rock surfaces are most likely to cause sunlight to be: *
Reflected
Refracted
Scattered
Absorbed

12. The true shape of the Earth is best described as a(n): *
Perfect sphere
Perfect ellipse
Slightly oblate sphere
Highly eccentric ellipse

13. Which is not a glacial deposit?: *
Esker
Delta
Moraine
Outwash

14. Of the following, the color blue on a topographic map indicates what surface feature?: *
Vegetation
Water
Photorevision
Rock formations

15. What name is given to the science which studies the atmosphere?: *
Oceanography
Atmospherology
Meteorology
Weatherology

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1. The apparent daily path of the Sun changes with the seasons because: *
Earth's axis is tilted.
Earth's distance from the Sun changes.
The Sun revolves.
The Sun rotates.

Seasons change because of the Earth's tilt. The hemisphere that is tilted away from the sun experiences winter while the hemisphere tilted towards the sun experiences summer.

2. Energy is transferred from the Sun to Earth mainly by: *
Molecular collisions
Density currents
Electromagnetic waves
Red shifts

The sun transfer's energy to the Earth by electromagnetic waves that include visible light, ultraviolet and infrared.

3. Which of the following ...

Solution Summary

15 earth sciences multiple choice questions are answered.

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