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Land and water environment issues

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Soil Problems
1. Are the soil problems more severe in developed countries or developing countries?

Water Pollution
2. Explain how soil pollution poses threats for water pollution.

3. What are things an individual citizen can do to prevent soil erosion? Does the impact of soil erosion go beyond where it occurs?

Reduce Environmental Impact
4. List specific actions that an individual citizen can take to conserve energy and reduce environmental impact.

Clean Fossil Fuel
5. Is it possible that new technology will be able to make fossil-fuel burning a clean process?
Sustainable Energy
6. Do you think the sustainable energy policy possible? Justify your answer.

Environmental Impact
7. What types of environmental impact would there be ifwe increasingly extract more mineral resources from seafloor?

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Solution Preview

Step 1
Soil problems are more severe in developing countries than in developed countries. In developing countries there is ineffective water management, high level of salivation, and poor agricultural machinery use. Soil problems in developing countries are higher because weak policies related to untreated waste, congestion effect of traffic, and erosion. Environmental problems and policy responses in the developing world are worse than in the developed world.

Step 2
Soil pollution such as man-made waste, household garbage, or commercial refuse from manufacturing waste can reach any body of water, including rivers, lakes and streams. Soil pollution such as spilling or leaking of on the ground such as oil spill, seepage from landfill, or radio contamination, is exposed to rain. Rain leads to surface runoff, and the polluted soil is carried to nearby bodies of water. Where there is soil pollution because of the use of fertilizers and manures, soil pollution pollutes water when the contaminated soil reaches groundwater (a). Wells and other drinking sources get polluted. Toxic chemicals from soil pollution can lead to water pollution if these chemicals reach groundwater, streams, lakes, or oceans (b).

Step 3
An individual citizen can do several things to prevent soil erosion. These include using land according to its capability, controlling runoff before erosion occurs, and protecting soil surface with bovver. Other steps that an individual can take to prevent soil erosion include planting grass, planting shrubs, and using rocks to cover the soil. Mulch can also ...

Solution Summary

This solution explains environmental, land and water issues. The sources used are also included in the solution.