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National Environmental Policy Act and Government Entities

In what ways has the National Environmental Policy Act change how governmental entities make decisions on public works projects? State two ways that could make this act more effective.

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National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requires that federally funded or federally permitted projects must perform environmental impact assessments (EA) to determine if the project will cause environmental damage. If it may, then it also requires an environmental impact statement (EIS). The Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) has oversight of the Federal government's compliance with NEPA.

Previously, once Congress had authorized a project, administrators felt free to proceed to build roads, dams and buildings without regard for public input or the environment. NEPA forced them to stop and reassess whether the value of the project justified the habitat it would ...