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    Influence Occupational Safety and Health Administration policy

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    how has safety research influenced OSHA compliance, or vice versa

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com December 15, 2020, 11:42 pm ad1c9bdddf

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    Please accept my sincere apologies for not understanding the nature of your original question. I hope that the following will provide the help that you need. I have divided my help into two sections - Support #1 provides evidence and ideas of why safety research influences compliance. I have provide you with the url for the specific articles - but I have also copied direct quotes that I think are relevant to your ability to answer the question for your assignment.

    Support #2 provides ideas of why safety research would suggest a company might not comply with OSHA regulations.

    How has safety research influenced OSHA compliance, or vice versa?
    Support #1 - safety research influences OSHA compliance
    a. Evidence provides a rationale for companies to see that compliance to OSHA regulations reduces injuries and therefore costs associated with workers compensation, loss of that employee's expertise, retraining. Thus, an employer who can track specific areas where they are having injuries and they are out of compliance with OSHA regulations, then this is a clear indicator to them to bring themselves back into compliance.
    b. A company that gets a reputation for being an unsafe workplace will have trouble attracting employees. Thus statistics and research that show a particular company has a positive compliance to OSHA regulations can indicate a good place to work that cares about its' employees.
    "A series of costly accidents can reduce profits radically. Accidents have obvious, direct costs such as medical, hospital and rehabilitation expenses, workers compensation payments, and higher insurance premiums or even loss of insurability. But, accidents have less obvious, indirect costs that are usually uninsured. These include the various disruptions to normal work procedures, such as when employees stop to help the injured employee, or even a drop in production that cause inconsistencies with delivery. If profits are not sufficient to cover costs, the company may be forced to defer the procurement of new equipment and facilities."
    "Several studies have found organizational factors to be the most significant predictor of safe work behaviors. Studies of hospital-based healthcare workers found that those who perceived that their institution had a strong commitment to safety were much more likely to be compliant with standard precautions than those who did not. Other studies have demonstrated that interventions targeted at improving organizational support for employee health and safety resulted in enhanced compliance with standard precautions. One study found that nurses were significantly more likely to report that they adhered to the recommended use of facial protection (e.g., respirators, surgical masks, and eye/face protection) when they felt that management made health and safety a high priority, took all reasonable steps to minimize hazards, encouraged employees" involvement in health and safety issues, and actively worked to protect employees. Other studies in industrial settings have shown that safety culture has an important influence on implementation of training skills and knowledge."
    "A basic prerequisite for preventing injuries and illnesses is knowledge of the types, location, and underlying reasons for their occurrence in the workplace. A readily available resource to assist in determining this information is the employer's OSHA 300 log. Through careful review and analysis of the log, the employer can develop a roadmap to prevention and tailor corrective actions specific to the situations found in his or her workplace. Further information, and possible solutions, can be obtained by soliciting input and involvement of frontline workers."

    Summary of Article: Companies are in a very fierce battle to attract the top talent. Studies show that a company's reputation is very important to candidates when choosing a company to work for. One of the top five (5) is social responsibility. Social responsibility within a workforce directly relates to how a company values and treats its employees.
    Support #2 - why safety research would suggest a company might not comply with OSHA regulations.
    a. If the research between two companies in an industry - one in which complies with regulations and one which does not - and there is no difference in their safety record - then this would indicate no need to comply and therefore a company ...

    Solution Summary

    This is answering a question of whether safety research influences OHSA compliance.