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Nutritional Issues Affecting School Age Children

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What are some current nutritional issues, such as obesity or malnutrition, that can affect the school age?

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The majority of chronic, non communicable diseases in the world cause 60% of global deaths. The majority are diet-related. Some 20 million children below age 5 are estimated to be overweight and at risk of developing noncommunicable diseases. Overweight and obesity are growing in school aged children and adolescents world wide (1).
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in it's document Healthy Nutrition: An Essential Element of a Health-Promoting School(2), list a number of important nutritional conditions that impact preschool and school age children. These conditions include:
Undernutrition: Characterized by not enough total food energy and nutrients being consumed resulting in low body weight, wasting of of body fat and later of muscle.
Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM): Caused by an inadequate intake of protein and/or energy, resulting in a failure to grow and thrive, with less resistance and a higher susceptibility to infections.
Wasting and Stunting: Children have low weight for their height and low height for their age, resulting in the same conditions listed under Undernutrition and PEM above.
Marasmus (severe protein-energy malnutrition): The malnutrition associated with marasmus leads to extensive tissue and muscle wasting, as well as variable edema. Other common ...

Solution Summary

The majority of chronic, non communicable diseases in the world cause 60% of global deaths. The majority are diet-related. Some 20 million children below age 5 are estimated to be overweight and at risk of developing noncommunicable diseases. Overweight and obesity are growing in school aged children and adolescents world wide.

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