Understanding object-oriented methodologies is often difficult. You already understand that
object-oriented analysis and design emulates the way human beings tend to think and
conceptualize problems in the everyday world. With a little practice, object-oriented
programming will become second nature to you.
As an example, consider a typical house in which there are several bedrooms, a kitchen, and
a laundry room?each with a distinct function. You sleep in the bedroom, you wash clothes in
the laundry room, and you cook in the kitchen. Each room encapsulates all the items needed
to complete the necessary tasks.
You do not have an oven in the laundry room or a washing machine in the kitchen. However,
when you do the laundry, you do not just add clothes to the washer and wait in the laundry
room; once the machine has started, you may go into the kitchen and start cooking dinner.
But how do you know when to go back to check the laundry? When the washer buzzer
sounds, a message is sent to alert you to go back into the laundry room to put in a new load.
While you are folding clothes in the laundry room, the oven timer may ring to inform you that
the meat loaf is done.
What you have is a set of well-defined components: Each provides a single service to
communicate with the other components using simple messages when something needs to
be done. If you consider a kitchen, you see it is also composed of several, smaller
components, including the oven, refrigerator, and microwave. Top-level objects are
composed of smaller components that do the actual work. This perspective is a very natural
way of looking at our world, and one with which we are all familiar. We do the same thing in
?Identify components that perform a distinct service
?Encapsulate all the items in the component necessary to get the job done
?Identify the messages that need to be provided to the other components
Although the details can be quite complex, these details are the basic principles of objectoriented
?Consider the microwave oven in your kitchen, using the object-oriented thinking
?Create a table with the following four column headings: Top-Level Objects,
Communicates With, Incoming Messages, and Outgoing Messages.
o Identity the top-level objects of the microwave.
o Explain some of the graphical user interfaces (GUIs) and communications messages
that occur during the operation of a microwave.
?Describe some of the advantages of having a componentized system. For example,
What happens if the microwave breaks?
This solution of 404 words identifies the components of a microwave oven, refrigerator, washing machine and discusses the conditions of the graphical user interface and communications.