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Why XHTML 2.0 Failed

Investigate the reasons why the XHTML standard 2.0 failed to gain acceptance. Evaluate the way web standards are produced and suggest possible improvements.

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XHTML is an Extensible Markup Language (XML) based HTML. It uses strict sets of tags to label different types of content within a document. It was launched by World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) [1] in 2002 as a way to redesign the web rather than completing existing technologies at that time. The basic purpose of introducing XHTML was to start fresh without HTML's shortcomings [2].

The work on XHTML2 standardization started at the time when most users were using Microsoft Internet Explorer (IE) and the programmers implementing the standards were mostly working on IE. Microsoft believed that the demand of web technologies would not be that much compared to desktop applications. Thus XHTML2 was developed with no expectation that the leading web browser would ever implement it [3]. On the other hand, small groups working on different web technologies kept on implementing stuff on newly emerging web browsers. The development team working on XHTML wanted to create software driven web with ...

Solution Summary

The solution discusses why the XHTML standard 2.0 failed to gain acceptance.