Purchase Solution

# Stoichiometry Question

Not what you're looking for?

Stoichiometry Question

NASAs long term plans for sending astronauts to Mars involves an ISRU strategy. ISRU is in-situ resource utilization and means that to the extent possible, chemical resources already on Mars will be utilized. The Martian atmosphere contains about 95.3% carbon dioxide. According to one NASA plan, hydrogen will be sent to Mars from Earth before astronaut crews arrive. Fuel for the Mars Ascent Vehicle (MAV) will consist of methane-oxygen combustion: CH4 + 2O2 &#61664; CO2 + 2H2O. The fuel and oxygen will be made by the following reactions:

CO2 + 4H2CH4 + 2H2O (the Sabatier reaction)
And 2H2O2H2 + O2 (the electrolysis of water)
Energy to run these latter reactions will come perhaps from Plutonium power sources or solar cells. Making use of the above reactions, calculate the minimum mass of hydrogen that will have to be sent from Earth to Mars in order to produce 500 kg of methane and the necessary oxygen to combust it.

##### Solution Summary

The expert analyzes fuel and oxygen in Sabatier reaction and electrolysis of water. The minimum mass of hydrogen that will have to be sent form Earth to Mars is determined. The solution includes formulas, calculations, and answers.

##### Solution Preview

We need to produce 500 Kg of CH4.

Therefore number of moles of CH4 = weight/mol. mass = 500*10^3/16
= 31250 moles

Now, we have the reaction,
CO2 + 4H2 - gt; CH4 + 2H20

It implies,
4 moles of H2 give 1 mole CH4
That is,
to obtain 31250 CH4, we need 4*31250 moles of H2 = 125000 moles of H2

Therefore, mass of H2 = moles * mol mass
= 12500 * 2
= 250000 g
= 250 Kg

But,
2CH4 + 4O2 - 2CO2 + 4H20
That is 2 mole ...

##### Thermochemistry

The quiz helps in revising basic concepts about thermochemistry.

##### General Chemistry - Classification of Matter

This test will assess your knowledge on the classification of matter which includes elements, compounds and mixtures.

##### Match Elements with their Symbols

Elements are provided: choose the matching one- or two-letter symbol for each element.

##### Functional groups in Organic Chemistry

You will be tested on the names of functional groups in Organic Chemistry. It is very important to know the functional groups to understand Organic reactions.