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    Chemistry - Functional Groups

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    This question is concerned with the compound lidocaine.

    Identify one amine and one amide functional group in the above compound.

    Draw the abbreviated structural formulae of the products of the complete hydrolysis of the compound. Identify any new functional groups in the products and name them.

    (See attachment for diagram)

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    Solution Preview

    Hello Again,

    Lidocaine is a general anaesthetic which is applied to the skin in the treatment of various disorders, such as shingles (that's my bit of worthless trivia!!). Anyway, on with the question...

    Lidocaine contains both amide and amine functional groups. Let's deal with the amine part first. Just as alcohols can be considered organic derivatives of water, amines may be considered as organic derivatives of ammonia:

    The characteristic functional group is called the amino group. Amines are classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary amines. This classification is ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution is provided in 383 words in an attached .doc file. It describes the structure of lidocaine and uses diagrams to enhance understanding.