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    Material Purified from Safflower Oil

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    A mysterious material was purified from safflower oil (hint: full of fatty acids). Upon ozonolysis it gave the following compounds in their respective molar ratios.
    Draw the structure of the mysterious material and give me its common name.

    3 moles CHOCH2CHO

    1 mol CO2HCH2CH2CH2CHO

    1 mol HEXANOL (an aldehyde) CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH0

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    The mysterious compound was purified from safflower oil which is full of fatty acids. Therefore, we shall assume that the compound in question is a fatty acid. Fatty acids are long chain hydrocarbons, saturated or unsaturated, with a carboxylic acid end and a methyl end.

    Ozonolysis (cleavage by ozone) has been historically used to determine the structure of unsaturated compounds because it results in the degradation of large molecules into smaller, identifiable fragments. The general reaction is the cleavage of alkenes into ...

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