Not what you're looking for?
1. Recognize the effect common ions exert on acid ionization and pH, and mechanisms by which solutions are buffered by ions.
2. Examine acid base titration and the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation and calculate the pH of a system at any stage of titration involving both strong and weak acid bases.
3. Apply Le Chatelier's Principle to explain the effects of common ions and pH on solubility.
4. Describe the effect of complex ion formation on solubility.
Purchase this Solution
Detailed response to questions with relevant equations and formula.
See attachment for full solution.
1) Buffer solution: A solution which resists change in pH upon addition of small amount of acid or base to it. They are of two types' acidic buffer and basic buffers.
Acidic buffer is a mixture of weak acid and its salt
Eg : acetic acid buffer
It is a mixture of acetic acid and sodium acetate
If a small amount of acid is added to this system according to Le Chatlier principle
the system will adjust itself to nullify the effect made by us to the equilibrium
If a small amount of HCl is added to this system
HCl dissociate as H + and Cl- , H+ ions are added to this equilibrium (definition of acid = H+ ion donor)
The concentration of H+ ions will increase in the system, the equilibrium ( Ist equation) will shift to the backward direction ie the formation of acetic acid will be preferred there by maintaining the pH constant
Similarly if a small amount of base say NaOH is added (Base is OH- ion donor)
It combines with acetic acid and eliminates a molecule of water and forms acetate ion which is again in the equilibrium (if the any ion in the equilibrium is formed, the system will adjust itself and keep the pH constant)
2) Consider first a buffer solution containing a weak acid HA and its highly dissociated salt NaA. The hydrogen ion concentration of ...
Purchase this Solution
Free BrainMass Quizzes
This is a quiz which is designed to assist students with learning the nomenclature used to identify organic compounds. This quiz focuses on the organic compounds called Alkanes.
You will be tested on the names of functional groups in Organic Chemistry. It is very important to know the functional groups to understand Organic reactions.
This test will assess your knowledge on the classification of matter which includes elements, compounds and mixtures.
The quiz helps in revising basic concepts about thermochemistry.