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Genetic Mutation and Blood Disorders

1. Define a genetic mutation and state the types of genetic mutations. Discuss the effects of genetic mutations.

2. A thirteen-year-old girl, who is underdeveloped and thin, has a blood disorder. She frequently experiences chest and abdominal pain, fever, and coughing, and has trouble breathing. Her teachers often spend additional time with her, explaining concepts that the rest of the class is familiar with, as she tires very easily and is able to concentrate only for short spans of time.

Identify the blood disorder that she might be suffering from.

Describe in detail the symptoms of this blood disorder.

Explain the difference in the cells of this girl and a person who does not suffer from the disorder.

Solution Preview

1. Define a genetic mutation and state the types of genetic mutations. Discuss the effects of genetic mutations.

Answer: A genetic mutation is a change occurring at the genetic material of an organism. The usual causes of genetic mutation in humans are their exposure to radiation, chemicals, viruses, and other mutagens.

The types of genetic mutation are as follows:
- frameshift mutation
- missense mutation
- neutral mutation
- nonsense mutation
- silent ...

Solution Summary

This solution of 320 words explains the effects of genetic mutations as well as giving tips on how to identify a blood disorder by its symptoms.

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