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Chemistry of Hazardous Compounds

Acetyl chloride is a colorless, fuming liquid used primarily in the chemical industry.

a) How is acetyl chloride produced? If 915 gallons is produced and shipped, will DOT require the carrier to display the flammable placard? Explain your answer.

b) When there is a bulk spill of this chemical, why is it necessary to prevent the liquid from entering nearby streams and lakes?

Solution Preview

Acetyl chloride is an organic compound that can be made by several different methods. It has the formula CH3COCl. The COCl group can be made by interconversion of CO-X to CO-Cl where X must be a good leaving group. Basic organic chemistry reactions like interconversion of RCOOH by using reagents like ...

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