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Catalytic converter

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The catalytic converter on your automobile contains small amounts of a precious metal catalyst. Which of the following components would you expect to be decreased in your tailpipe emissions by a properly functioning catalytic converter in your automobile (Choose all that apply):
- water
- carbon monoxide
- carbon dioxide
- hydrocarbons

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A catalytic converter treats the exhaust before it leaves the car and removes a lot of the pollution.

The catalytic converter reduces the unburned hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide by burning (oxidizing) them over a platinum and palladium catalyst. Therefore it should ...

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Phoenix Motors wants to lock in the cost of 10,000 ounces of platinum to be used in next quarter's production of catalytic converters. It buys three-month futures contracts for 10,000 ounces at a price of $550 per ounce.
a. Suppose the spot price of platinum falls to $525 in three months' time. Does Phoenix have a profit or loss on the futures contract? Has it locked in the cost of purchasing the platinum it needs?

Phoenix Motors wants to lock in the cost of 10,000 ounces of platinum to be used in next quarter's production of catalytic converters. It buys three-month futures contracts for 10,000 ounces at a price of $550 per ounce.
a. Suppose the spot price of platinum falls to $525 in three months' time. Does Phoenix have a profit or loss on the futures contract? Has it locked in the cost of purchasing the platinum it needs?
b. How do your answers change if the spot price of platinum increases to $625 after three months?

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