Write the equilibrium -constant expression and calculate the value of the equilibrium constant for each of the follow reactions at 298 K, using data from Appendix C. ** Appendix C is in the Chemistry: The Central Science 11e textbook. It is a chemistry 100 (first year book). The Appendix contains delta Hf, delta Gf and S at 298.15K for selected substances.
a) H2 (g) + I2 (g) <--> 2 HI (g)
b) C2H5OH (g) <--> C2H4 (g) + H2O (g)
c) 3 C2H2 (g) <-> C6H6 (g)
(a) Reaction under consideration:
H2 (g) + I2 (g) <--> 2 HI (g)
To write an equilibrium expression for any chemical equation, multiply the concentration (or partial pressure) of the species on the product side raise to the power of their coefficients and divide by the same treatment with the species on the reactant side.
Please see attached Word file for the equilibrium expression written for the above reaction both in terms on concentrations and partial pressures.
Since no information is given about the concentrations or pressures at equilibrium, the equilibrium expression cannot be used to find the value of the equilibrium constant (K). To get the actual value of K we need ...
The equation relating the equilibrium constant (K) and the free energy change for a chemical reaction is derived using thermodynamic relationships. This equation is used to calculate the value of the equilibrium constant for three specific reactions using standard tabulated thermodynamic quantities. The solution also includes the calculation of free energy change for a chemical reaction from the tabulated free energy of formations. The attached Word file contains step-by-step procedure for these calculations.
Carnot Heat Engine and Well-Insulated Piston Cylinder Systems
Problem 1 can only be solved per unit mass- eg work per unit mass, volume per unit mass, since there is not enough info to calculate the system mass.
Instructions: Solve the following problems. Be sure to include a sketch indicating the system and its interactions with the surroundings and state all necessary assumptions. Identify all relationships and provide symbolically before inserting numbers. Identify state models utilized and sources of necessary property data. Submitted should be neat and easy to follow. Sloppy work will not be graded.
1) The working fluid contained in a well-insulated piston cylinder is expanded in a quasi-equilibrium process from 1000oF and 350 [psia] until the temperature is 150oF. Calculate the final pressure and volume and the work done by the system if
a. the working fluid is oxygen and specific heat is constant, and
b. the working fluid is steam
2) The heat addition process of a Carnot heat engine utilizing a piston-cylinder mechanism is executed by vaporizing saturated liquid R134a at 100 [kPa] to saturated vapor.
a. What must be true about the pressure during this process? Why?
b. Calculate the heat added during the process
i. Using the first law.
ii. Using the second law