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Standard reduction potentials

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In an experiment using nickel and copper, and using the standard reaction potential table, which substance would be reduced, Cu or Ni.

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https://brainmass.com/chemistry/electrochemical-potentials/standard-reduction-potentials-51108

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The chemical way to look at redox reactions is that the reductant transfers electrons to the oxidant. Thus, at the end of ...

Solution Summary

The solution provides a detailed explanation for the problem. The standard reaction potential tables are used. The substance which would be used to reduce Cu or Ni are determined.

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Calculate the standard emf for each of the following reactions

1. Calculate the standard emf for each of the following reactions:

a)H2(g) + F2(g)---> 2H+(aq) + 2F-(aq)
b)Cu(s) + Ba 2+(aq)---> Cu 2+(aq) + Ba(s)
c)3Fe 2+(aq)---> Fe(s) + 2Fe 3+(aq)
d)Hg2 2+(aq) + 2Cu+(aq)----> 2Hg(l) + 2Cu 2+(aq)

2. The standard reduction potential for the reduction of RuO4-(aq) to RuO4 2-(aq) is +0.59 V. Which of the following substances can oxidize RuO4 2-(aq) to RuO4-(aq) under standard conditions: Cr2O7 2-(aq), ClO-(aq), Pb 2+(aq), I2(s), Ni 2+(aq)?

3. Using standard reduction potentials, calculate the equilibrium constant for each of the following reactions at 298 K:
a) 2 VO2+(aq) + 4 H+(aq) + 2 Ag(s)-----> 2 VO 2+(aq) + 2 H2O(l), 2 Ag+(aq)
b) 3 Ce 4+(aq) + Bi(s) + H2O(l) -----> 3 Ce 3+(aq) + BiO+(aq) + 2 H+(aq)
c) N2H5+(aq) + 4 Fe(CN)6 3-(aq)-----> N2(g) + 5 H+(aq) + 4 Fe(CN)6 4-(aq)

4. A voltaic cell is constructed that is based on the following reaction:
Sn 2+(aq) + Pb(s)----> Sn(s) + Pb 2+(aq)
a) If the concentration of Sn 2+ in the cathode compartment is 1.00 M and the cell generates an emf of +0.22 V, what is the concentration of Pb 2+ in the anode compartment?

b) If the anode compartment contains [SO4 2-]= 1.00 M in equilibrium with PbSO4(s), what is the Ksp of PbSO4?

5. a) Draw two linkage isomers of [Co(NH3)5 SCN]2+
b) Draw the two geometric isomers of [Co(NH3)3 Cl3]2+
c) Two compounds with the formula Co(NH3)5ClBr can be prepared. Use structural formulas to show how they differ. What kind of isomerism does this illustrate?

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