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Carbon monoxide poisoning to firefighters

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Why are active on-duty firefighters likely to experience the adverse health effects from inhaling 300 ppm of carbon monoxide faster than nonactive off-duty firefighters who inhale the same concentration of the same substance? Explain your answer using the chemicals/process involved.

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CO is a gas just like CO2 and O2. When we breathe in air not containing CO, the O2 gas molecules bind with Fe (heme) to form a Fe-O2 complex. This travels the bloodstream where O2 is released to the muscles and other parts of the body. This happens because the equilibrium between free O2 and the ...

Solution Summary

The principle behind carbon monoxide poisoning is explained for both active and non-active firefighters.