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    Does free trade harm the environment?

    Environmentalists argue that trade liberalization harms the environment. The decisions of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in particular have been the subject of much criticism. Carbaugh has described environmentalists' three primary assertions (Carbaugh, 2004):

    1.Trade liberalization leads to a "race to the bottom" in environmental standards.
    2.Trade liberalization conflicts with morally-conscious environmental policies.
    3.Trade liberalization encourages trade in products that create global pollution ("pollution havens").
    Proponents of trade liberalization argue that freer trade might actually improve the quality of the environment. For example, the international environmental policy of the U.S. and other industrial nations is based on the "polluter-pays principle." This approach is intended to give producers the incentive to develop more pollution-control techniques (Carbaugh, 2004).

    Part 1: Recreate the arguments/counter-arguments
    As a group, use the Small Group Discussion Board to recreate the arguments for and against the three assertions noted above (six arguments total). You and your group mates should each choose one of the six arguments and present the argument to the group. (If there are not exactly six members in your group, divide the work as equitably as possible.) Approach this assignment as an exercise in critical thinking; your goal is to represent a party's argument as accurately and as thoroughly as possible. For each argument and counter-argument, present the following information:

    1.The party you represent
    2.Your party's interests or objectives
    3.Your party's assertion
    4.A summary of the available evidence that supports your party's assertion and/or examples that illustrate the assertion.
    Feel free to use the Library or other Web resources to help recreate the arguments.

    Part 2: Summarize and evaluate the arguments/counter-arguments

    1.Summarize each argument and counter-argument. Be sure to note the relevant parties in the debate and their interests/objectives.
    2.Evaluate the arguments and counter-arguments. Be sure to address the following questions:
    Can the conflicting positions in these debates be resolved? If yes, how? If not, why not? Your answer should be well-reasoned and supported with examples.

    The response addresses the queries posted in 1497 words with three references.

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 10, 2019, 1:43 am ad1c9bdddf

    Solution Preview

    The response addresses the queries posted in 1497 words with references.

    //The free trade liberalization parties and environmentalists always consider some issues related to the environment. Both of them argue in their own favor regarding the issue and pollution. In this paper, we will try to understand the issue of both the parties, related to free trade and its effect//


    Various environmentalists state that improvement in free trade harms the environment and for this, some necessary steps should be taken to reduce the effect or protect the environment from pollution. The decision of World Trade Organization (WTO) to improve the free trade for the improving the business and working standards of the countries is much criticized by most of the environmentalists. According to the views of Carbough, 2004, three main statements are given to analyze the effect of free trade on environment.

    The given topic will help in analyzing and understanding the effects on environment and why it is necessary to impose free trade in the countries. In the related case, the two discussions will take place according to the view of proponents and opponents of free trade liberalization. The opponents of the free trade argue that the improvement in this process affects and pollutes the environment, whereas the proponents state that the free trade liberalization improves the business standards and also works for the improvement of the environment.

    The discussion of the case will be done on the basis of arguments and non-arguments of both, parties and environmentalists to understand the conflicts between them. The construction of the paper will be discussed by evaluating the different aspects of the trade liberalization as per the point of view of environmentalists and other parties. The free trade liberalization impacts in favorable as well as unfavorable terms, in relation to the environment. Increase in the free trade harms the environment, but it also adopts important steps to reduce the pollution of the smooth functioning of the society. So, the paper will provide all the necessary details related to the cause and effect of free trade.

    //After discussing the introductory part of the paper, the next part will include the arguments and counter arguments of both the parties.//


    1. Trade liberalization leads to a "race to the bottom" in environmental standards

    Arguments - The increase in trade liberalization in the countries, WTO and other multinational companies initially improve the standards and ...

    Solution Summary

    The response addresses the queries posted in 1497 words with references.