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Cost-effectiveness of Screening for Diseases

1. Evaluate and discuss this statement: Screening for diseases is a cost effective use of health resources.

2. What part(s) of the health services system, in your view, is/are most responsible for health promotion and disease prevention?

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3. What factors are stimulatingâ?"or are expected to stimulateâ?"a reorientation of the U.S. health services system from curative to primary care? How pervasive do you think this reorientation will become? Why?

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1. Hospitals, once major providers of secondary care, have lost many of these services to other providers. Who are some of these other providers? Why has the provision of certain services shifted away from the inpatient hospital setting?

2. What functional assessment strategies measure a person's need for LTC? How well do these measures address mental impairments?

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2. What is projected about the future need for LTC services? Why?

3. What sources of care are available to persons needing LTC? What payment sources are available to cover this care?

4. Are LTC services provided in the home or community less expensive than those provided in an institutional setting? If so, how do you explain the potential for home-based services to account for greater expenditures than institution-based services?

Solution Preview

1. Screening for disease is indeed a cost-effective use of health resources, due to the fact that screening for disease is a proactive methodology by which to ascertain whether or not individuals have some form of the disease within their bodies, or whether not the conditions exist within an individual that make it very likely that a diseased state will occur within that individual in the future. In addition, screening for disease will make it possible for health officials to prepare for the onset of certain types of diseases within a given population, and to take preventative measures by which to stop of these diseases within that population whenever possible. When individuals are screened for the prevalence of diseases, it is very possible to make a determination as to the statistical probability that an individual or groups of individuals will contract certain diseases, and once these individuals are identified, these individuals can be advised as to the lifestyle changes that they can make it order to prevent these diseases from arising, and or to reduce the intensity of the disease within the individual or group of individuals.

This method is indeed cost-effective, due to the fact that when diseases are prevented, the costs that are associated with the treatment of these individuals is nullified, which will produce a great deal of savings in time and money for the health care system. In addition, the early detection of diseases by the screening process will make it possible for doctors and other health professionals to take measures that will prevent the disease from becoming full-blown within the individual, which reduce the ...