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# Change in inventory accounting method to average cost

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The management of Kreiter Instrument Company had concluded, with the concurrence of its independent auditors, that results of operations would be more fairly presented if Kreiter changed its method of pricing inventory
from last-in, first-out (LIFO) to average cost in 2007.

Given below is the 5-year summary of income under LIFO and a schedule of what the inventories would be if stated on the average cost method.

KREITER INSTRUMENT COMPANY
STATEMENT OF INCOME AND RETAINED EARNINGS
FOR THE YEARS ENDED MAY 31
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Sales-net \$13,964 \$15,506 \$16,673 \$18,221 \$18,898
Cost of goods sold
Beginning inventory 1,000 1,100 1,000 1,115 1,237
Purchases 13,000 13,900 15,000 15,900 17,100
Ending inventory (1,100) (1,000) (1,115) (1,237) (1,369)
Total 12,900 14,000 14,885 15,778 16,968
Gross profit 1,064 1,506 1,788 2,443 1,930
Administrative expenses 700 763 832 907 989
Income before taxes 364 743 956 1,536 941
Income taxes (50%) 182 372 478 768 471
Net income 182 371 478 768 470
Retained earnings-beginning 1,206 1,388 1,759 2,237 3,005
Retained earnings-ending \$ 1,388 \$ 1,759 \$ 2,237 \$ 3,005 \$ 3,475
Earnings per share \$1.82 \$3.71 \$4.78 \$7.68 \$4.70

SCHEDULE OF INVENTORY BALANCES USING AVERAGE COST METHOD
FOR THE YEARS ENDED MAY 31
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
\$950 \$1,124 \$1,091 \$1,270 \$1,480 \$1,699

Instructions

Prepare comparative statements for the 5 years, assuming that Kreiter changed its method of inventory
pricing to average cost. Indicate the effects on net income and earnings per share for the years involved.
Kreiter Instruments started business in 2002. (All amounts except EPS are rounded up to the nearest dollar.)