Doughboy Bakery would like to buy a new machine for putting icing and other toppings on pastries. These are now put on by hand. The machine that the bakery is considering costs $81,000 new. It would last the bakery for nine years but would require a $6,000 overhaul at the end of the fifth year. After nine years, the machine could be sold for $4,000.
The bakery estimates that it will cost $11,000 per year to operate the new machine. The present manual method of putting toppings on the pastries costs $31,000 per year. In addition to reducing operating costs, the new machine will allow the bakery to increase its production of pastries by 2,000 packages per year. The bakery realizes a contribution margin of $0.40 per package. The bakery requires a 5% return on all investments in equipment. (Ignore income taxes.)
1. What are the annual net cash inflows that will be provided by the new machine?
2. Compute the new machine's net present value. Use the incremental cost approach.
Your tutorial is attached in Excel. Since I didn't use book discount factors (rounded decimal amounts), the dollar amounts may be off just slightly. Excel does not round the factor computations.