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    Calculations of Key Financial Metrics

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    Strident Marks is considering purchasing new manufacturing equipment that costs $1,300,000 and is expected to improve cash flows by $500,000 in year 1, $350,000 in year 2, $475,000 in year 3, $450,000 in year 4, and $300,000 in year 5.

    Calculate key financial metrics for this capital budgeting project. A 14% rate of return and a payback period of less than five years are required for the project. These key metrics must include (1) payback period, (2) net present value, and (3) internal rate of return. (Use 6% as the weighted average cost of capital).

    In a memo to the CFO, discuss the metrics and make a recommendation whether to accept or reject the project.

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    Solution Preview

    The investment decisions of a firm are generally known as the capital budgeting, or capital expenditure decisions. The firm's investment decisions would generally include expansion, acquisition, modernization and replacement of the long-term assets. Sale of a division or business (divestment) is also as an investment decision.

    Decisions like the change in the methods of sales distribution, or an advertisement campaign or research and development programs have long-term implications for the firm's expenditures and benefits, and therefore, they should also be evaluated as investment decisions. Several different procedures are available to analyze potential business investments. Some concepts are better than others when it comes to reliability but all provide enough information to get the general scope of the investment.

    Several different procedures are available to analyze potential business investments. Some concepts are better than others when it comes to reliability but all provide enough information to get the general scope of the investment. The procedures that provide useful information are the Net present Value (NPV), the Payback Rule, MIRR, the Internal Rate of Return (IRR). These procedures will help rank the projects from the greatest investment to the worst.

    First, the most important concept of evaluating these investments is the NPV. NPV is defined as the difference between an investment's market value and its cost. It is only a good investment if it makes money for the company so a positive NPV will be needed. The projects can be ranked from the most positive NPV to the lowest to determine profitability. This quantitative ranking method is the best to use due to its consideration of the time value of money and its more accurate breakdown of value.

    NPV is a discounted cash flow technique, which explicitly recognize the time value of money. It is defined as the difference between the present value of cash inflow and cash outflows.

    NPV is defined as the difference between an investment's market value and its cost. It is only a good investment if it makes money for the company so a positive NPV ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution provides explanations and calculations for finding key financial metrics.

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