I would like to write at least 2 pages for the question below.
What might be some of the consequences of a leader having a relatively small in-group and a large out-group of subordinates?
It has been my experience that the small 'in-group' of subordinates is a group of people who possess a close interpersonal relationship with management. In most cases an individual is included into the fold of the 'in-group' as a result of doing more to prove themselves. They tend to rise above the normalcy of taking the initiative. In some cases they anticipate departmental needs and go above and beyond to fill those needs. They are the ones invited to special organizational events. I recall working for a physician and she took her receptionist on several shopping vacations. Another physician offered to pay for his Medical Assistant's education so she could become a Registered Nurse. No other subordinate in that organization received that type of special treatment. Everyone in the office acknowledged and was able to distinguish between the 'in-group' and 'out-group.'
The 'in-group' is the people who are blessed with special privileges that do not necessarily have to do with a subordinate's ability to do his or her job well. In some cases a person may enter the 'in-group' as a result of admiration from management. Management may like the employees' ...
The expert examines leader in-group and out-group subordinates.