Explore BrainMass

Contrast and compare leadership styles

Conduct a literature review of leadership approaches. These leadership approaches include traits, skills, style, and situational approaches to leadership. Analyze and synthesize the material on the leadership approaches.

- Develop an introduction on the background of each leadership approach and the purpose of the chosen article.
- Analyze all articles and describe the key themes that emerge across the seven selected articles.
- Synthesize the material and summarize the patterns of similarities and differences regarding how each of the authors has presented on each leadership approach.
- Based on your analysis of the literature, conclude by recommending a specific leadership approach you feel would be most effective for managing ethical behavior at your chosen organization. Be sure to justify your choice
- sources should be no more than 5 years old and should discuss some aspects of leadership approaches

few sources to start:
- Paulsen, N., Callan, V., Ayoko, O. & Saunders, D.(2013).Transformational leadership
and innovation in an R&D organization experiencing major change. Journal of
Organizational Change Management.

6 pages, APA 6th Edition.

Solution Preview

The common trait among leaders is the ability to inspire others to follow them. There are various leadership styles and theories and despite the many studies examining and explaining leadership, no perfect theory has emerged to guide leaders, and there is no definitive evidence on which theory is most effective. A good definition of leadership is "the ability to see the present for what it really is, see the future for what it could be and then tack action to close the gap between today's reality and the preferred future of tomorrow" (Cummings, 2012, pg. 3325). Leadership styles describe how the leader approaches task accomplishments. A leaders' approach reflects their personal self-awareness, frames their relationships with others and directs the results. Leadership traits are inclusive of incompetence, rigidity, callousness, corruption and evil. There are also good qualities like understanding, inclusiveness, encouragement, reasoning and democracy. Leadership styles include the more global transactional, transformational, situational and participative, among many more. Leadership style consists of the leader's overall personality, conduct, and how their mode of communication when guiding others toward reaching organizational or personal goals. Research in leadership style has been mostly subjugated to subordinate perceptions of leadership in decision making, interpersonal relations, planning, instructional leadership, and management efficiency.

In exploring leadership styles, organizational culture can be a relevant driver of the leadership style. Organizational culture is "the set of key values, assumptions, understandings, and norms that is shared by members of an organization and taught to new members as correct" (Azanza and Molero, 2013, p. 46). For example, authentic (participative) leadership is found in organizations with a flexible-oriented culture. Authentic leadership is a contributor of positive employee attitudes and they have higher levels of job satisfaction. According to Azanza and Molero, A flexible-oriented organization promotes openness to new ideas and supports the development of those ideas. This type of organization encourages spontaneity, change responsiveness, adaptability and readiness to achieve growth innovation and creativity.

Participative leadership is "a process that draws from both positive and psychological capacities and a highly developed organizational context which results in both self-awareness and self-regulated positive behaviors on the part of leaders and associates fostering self-development" (Azanza and Molero, 2013, p. 46). ...

Solution Summary

This post comprises a Word document of over 1400 words and includes a chart contrasting leadership styles. The student should be able to better understand and synthesize the difference and similarities in leadership styles.