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Organization Psychology and Management

1. What is meant by the term motivation? Describe the most important theory of motivation. Describe also the central theory of stress. Discuss on this foundation, how to ensure a high level of motivation among employees in organizations without at the same time to arouse negative stress.

2. Define the term personality and discuss the most important theory of personality with emphasis on feature theory. Give examples of the role of personality functioning in the workplace.

3. Discuss the concept of perception, its basic mechanisms and the factors that affect human perception, including person perception, attribution and perception of the strategic stimuli. Give examples of selected perception mechanisms from employment or daily life.

4. What is meant by the term decision? Discuss the factors that can promote and prevent good decisions. Give examples from work or daily life in some of the obstacles to good decisions.

5. What is meant by the concept of creative problem solving? Discuss the factors that can promote or prevent creative problem solving, both individually and in groups. Give examples from the workplace or daily life in such conditions.

6. What is meant by the term group in the organizational psychological context and describe what the differences and similarities in a group and a team in this respect. Discuss the factors that prevent or support group optimal function. Give in this regard, examples from the workplace or daily life.

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1. What is meant by the term motivation? Describe the most important theory of motivation. Describe also the central theory of stress. Discuss on this foundation, how to ensure a high level of motivation among employees in organizations without at the same time to arouse negative stress.

Answer:
Motivation can be defined as an internal state of mind that stimulates people to behave in a different way to accomplish a particular goal and purpose. Motivation provides an extraordinary energy to the people to achieve a particular goal.

The most important theory of motivation is Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs laid down by Abraham H.
Maslow. According to this theory, there are five needs of every people on the earth physiological needs, safety/security needs, social needs, esteem or self respect needs and the self actualization needs. According to Maslow, these needs are natural trend in human behavior and he/she becomes aware and motivated with each of these needs in an ascending order.

The central theory of stress suggests that stress is a negative as well as a phenomenon in a human behavior that if positive can bring the best out of the people or if negative will have a negative impact not only on the particular person but also the organization he/she is associated with.

A high level of motivation without negative stress can only be ensured if the goal given to the employees is achievable. An employee will be highly motivated without negative stress when he knows that the goal give to him is a bit hard but achievable. The MBO technique where the goals are being set by the mix of management and employees is a better example where the employees are motivated to achieve the goal.

2. Define the term personality and discuss the most important theory of personality with emphasis on feature theory. Give examples of the role of personality functioning in the workplace.

Answer:
Personality can be defined as a complex set of unique and consistent characteristic that has an impact ...

Solution Summary

Organization psychology and management are examined. The term personality and theory of personality is defined. The concept of perception is the basic mechanism is analyzed.

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