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Employment Law: Discrimination in the Workplace

Ok, if anyone is available to assist with note and ideas, I would greatly, Greatly, I mean greatly appreciate it. Thank you!! I reviewed the cases and I am having a difficult time comprehending.
Employment and Human Resources Law concerns the legal relationships between employers and employees. These cases will build your knowledge and understanding of human resources and employment law. The court cases are not to make you a legal expert but to build a level of knowledge and understand for future assignments. Analyzing the cases provides a foundation for understanding how individuals, groups and organizations bring issues of disparate treatment to regulatory agencies or courts and how the system works to analyze the merits of each side before reaching a decision.

In a paper, describe the significance of each the following four court cases.
How are these cases related to each other?
What were the differences between majority and minority opinions of the court?

1. Griggs v. Duke Power Company, 401 U.S. 424 (1971)
Keywords: "401 U.S. 424" in LexisNexis Citation Search
2. Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson, 819 F. 2d 630 (1987)
Keywords: "819 F.2d 630" in LexisNexis Citation Search
3. Steelworkers v. Weber, 443 U.S. 193 (1979)
Keyword: "443 U.S. 193" in LexisNexis Citation Search
4. County of Washington v. Gunther, 452 U.S. 161 (1981)
Keyword; "452 U.S. 161" in LexisNexis Citation Search

Solution Preview

In accordance with BrainMass standards this is not a hand in ready assignment but only background help.

Step 1
Each of the cases is related because it pertains to discrimination in the workplace. The four cases are each related to the rights of employees. Each of these cases argues on the basis of Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Further, each case has strengthened the rights of the disadvantaged class of people. Two related to discrimination against women, one is on disparate impact against African Americans, and one is related to affirmative action in favor of black employees. In each of these cases the main law argued was Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. These cases define the intent and the importance of the act. Each is significant because it clarified important issues. For example, Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson clarifies that sexual harassment is a form of sexual discrimination.

Step 2
We first consider Griggs v. Duke Power Company. The significance of this case is that it relates to how in a subtle manner discrimination against minorities is practiced by employers. Duke Power Company had an inside transfer policy that required employees who wanted to work in higher positions to register a minimum score on two aptitude tests in addition to having a high school education. Griggs was an African-American who filed a class action suit on behalf of several fellow African-American employees against the employer Duke Power Company. This was a suit under Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. The claim was dismissed by the district court, and the court of appeals found no discrimination. The US Supreme Court took up this case. The issue was to determine if Duke's intradepartmental transfer policy requiring high school education and achievement of minimum scores on two separate aptitude tests a violation of Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. The Supreme Court held that there was a violation of Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. The reasoning of the court was that the standardized testing requirement prevented a disproportionate number of African-American employees from being promoted to ...

Solution Summary

This solution explains an important case related to employment law. The sources used are also included in the solution.