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Employment Laws in the United States

Can you provide me with the following information for each employment law?

The information required is:
Description and Requirement of Law
Court Case Influential to Establishment of Law
Importance of Law
Workplace Application

The laws cited are:
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Equal Employment Opportunity Act
Equal Pay Act
Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
Civil Rights Act of 1991
Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) of 1993

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Civil Rights Act of 1964
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/1964_civil_rights_act.htm

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson and required for equal opportunity and outlawed discrimination on the basis of race, sex, national creed, ethnicity, or disability.

Brown v. Board of Education. This court case paved the way for the Civil Rights act although the case was decided in 1954. The reasoning for its influence is predicated upon the ruling, which ended segregation in schools because it violated the Equal Protection Clause of the United States. During this period many areas of society including schools were segregated, and because of this case segregation began to wither away throughout society.

This Act prevented discrimination at jobs, public places, and in any business that engaged in commerce within the United States. The importance of this law cannot be overstated as it was a defining moment in American history. Congress ensured that the law would be enforced by bringing the full weight of the federal government against any state or institution that violated the titles within the law. Minorities, women, people with disabilities, and America in general all greatly benefitted from this legislation.

The application in the workplace was instrumental for the law because during the era when the law was passed many states openly allowed discrimination and segregation against minorities and women within the workforce. If companies did not want to hire someone because of their race, they could simply state that no Blacks were allowed but after this law was passed any business engaging in interstate commerce could face severe penalties including financial and criminal for discriminating against people for the aforementioned reasons. This law quintessentially set forth in the workplace the current dichotomy that is representative of multi-cultural workforces with all ethnicities, disabilities, and sexes working together in the workplace.

Equal Employment Opportunity Act
http://definitions.uslegal.com/e/equal-employment-opportunity-act/

This act provides the authority for the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to sue in federal Court if reasonable cause exist that employment discrimination has occurred violating the Equal Protection Clause passed under the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

A landmark case in the formation and continuation of this law was Griggs vs. Duke Power 1971, which proscribed practices fair in form but discriminating in operation that caused (adverse impacts upon applicants protected by the 14th amendment's Equal protection clause) must be proved by an employer to have job relatedness.

The act is directly responsible for preventing the rampant discrimination that predated the act preventing minorities and women from upward social mobility.

In the workplace, this Act has been instrumental because it ...

Solution Summary

Employment laws in the United States are examined. The equal employment opportunity acts are discussed.

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