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4 Variance Methods

Dillard, Inc. has developed the following standard cost data based on 60,000 direct labor hours, which is 75% of the firm's capacity. Fixed overhead is $360,000 and variable overhead is $180,000 at this level of activity.

Direct material (3 lbs. @ $2.00/lb.) $ 6.00
Direct labor (0.5 hrs. @ $8.00/hr.) 4.00
Factory overhead (0.5 hrs. @ $9.00/hr.) 4.50
Total standard cost per unit $14.50

During the last period, the company actually spent 62,000 direct labor-hours to produce 128,000 units and incurred the following manufacturing costs:

Actual cost incurred
Direct material (380,000 lbs.) $779,000
Direct labor (62,000 hrs.) 507,150
Fixed overhead 365,000
Variable overhead 220,000

Required:
a. Determine all variances for direct materials, direct labor, and factory overheads. Use the 4-variance method for factory overheads.
b. What are possible causes of each of the variances?

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Solution Summary

Excel file contains calculations of all variances for direct materials, direct labor, and factory overheads using the 4-variance method for factory overheads and explains possible causes of each of the variances .

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