# Accounting: Break-even analysis

Just looking for assistance to help solve these, I am lost. I can only afford the 7 credits right now and any help is appreciated.Below are the problems I am stuck on, but also attached the worksheet.

Thank you. Karmen

P13-9: Degree of operating leverage

Grey Products has a fixed operating cost of $380,000, variable operating costs of$16 per unit, and a selling price of $63.50 per unit.

1. Calculate the operating breakeven point in units.

Q=FC / (P-VC) = $380,000 / ($16.00-$63.50) = 23,687 UNITS

2. Calculate the firms EBIT at 9,000, 10,000, and 11,000 units respectively.

EBIT = (P X Q) - FC (VC X Q)

EBIT 9,000=

EBIT 10,000=

EBIT 11,000=

3. With 10,000 units as a base, what is the percentage changes in units sold and EBIT as sales move from the base to the other sales level used in part b?

4. Use the percentages computed in part c to determine the degree of operating leverage (DOL).

5. Use the formula for degree of operating leverage to determine the DOL at 10,000 units.

P13-11: EPS calculations

Southland industries has $60,000 of 16% (annual interest) bonds outstanding, 1,5000 shares of preferred stock paying an annual dividend of $5 per share, and 4,000 shares of common stock outstanding. Assuming that the form has a 40% tax rate, compute earnings per share (EPS) for the following levels of EBIT:

1. $24,600

2. $30,600

3. $35,000

P13-12: Degree of financial leverage

Northeastern Savings and loan has current capital structure consisting of $250,000 of 16% (annual interest) debt and 2,000 shares of common stock. The firm pays taxes at the rate of 40%.

1. Using the EBIT values of $80,000 and $120,000, determine the associated earnings per share (EPS).

2. Using the $80,000 of EBIT as a base, calculate the degree of financial leverage (DFL).

3. Rework part a. and part b. assuming the firm has $100,000 of 16% (annual interest) debt and 3,000 shares of common stock.

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#### Solution Preview

Assignment CHAPTER 13 Karmen Keith 109666

Problem Set 11

Your assignment for week 12 is to complete Problem Set 11, which consists of the following problems from the text:

Chapter 13 p 554:

P13-2: Breakeven comparison: Algebraic

Given the price and cost data shown in the accompanying table for each of the three firms, F, G, and H, Answer the questions that follow.

Firm F G H

Sale price per unit $18.00 $21.00 $30.00

Variable operating cost per unit 6.75 13.5 12

Fixed operating cost 45,000 30,000 90,000

1. What is the operating breakeven point in units for each firm?

FIRM F: Q=$45,000 / ($18.00-$6.75) = 4,000 UNITS

FRIM G: Q=$30,000 / (21.00-$13.50) = 4,000 UNITS

FIRM H: Q=$90,000 / ($30.00-$12.00) = 5,000 UNITS

2. How would you rank these firms in firms of their risk?

Firm F and G are equal in risk but less risky than Firm H.

13-4: Breakeven analysis

Barry Carter is considering opening a video store. He wants to estimate the number of DVD's he must sell to break even. The DVD's will be sold for $13.98 each, variable operating costs are $10.48 per DVD, and the annual fixed operating costs are$ 73,500.

1. Find the operating breaking point in number of DVD's.

Q = $73,500 / (13.98-10.48) = 21,000 units

2. Calculate the total operating costs at the breakeven volume found in part a.

FC + (Q X VC)

$73,500 + ...

#### Solution Summary

The problem set deals with questions under accounting: Break-even analysis.