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Break-Even Point for Managerial Accounting

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I need to determine what is meant by the term break-even point in regards to Managerial Accounting? I also need to name 3 approaches to break-even analysis and explain how each approach works.

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Break Even point in managerial accounting:

The break-even point is defined as the point where sales or revenues equal expenses. There is no profit made or loss incurred at the break-even point. This figure is important for anyone that manages a business since the break-even point is the lower limit of profit when setting prices and determining margins. The break-even point becomes very important when calculating a strategy for net profit.
source: http://www.businessknowhow.com/money/breakeven.htm

The break even point for a product is the point where total revenue received equals total costs associated with the sale of the product (TR=TC). A break even point is typically calculated in order for businesses to determine if it would be profitable to sell a proposed product, as opposed attempting to modify an existing product instead so it can be made lucrative. Break-Even Analysis can also be used to analyze the potential profitability of an expenditure in a sales-based business.

Break-Even Analysis can be used in the evaluation of the cost-effectiveness of a new expenditure for a ...

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Break-even point

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Managerial Accounting: Break Even Point Analysis

Please see attachment.

MSW:4-1
Cost-volume-profit analysis. Patton Company produces one type of sunglasses with the following costs and revenues for the year:
Total Revenues $6,000,000
Total Fixed Costs $2,000,000
Total Variable Costs $2,000,000
Total Quantity Produced and Sold 100,000 Units

Required:
a. What is the selling price per unit?
b. What is the variable cost per unit?
c. What is the contribution margin per unit?
d. What is the break-even point in units?
e. Assume an income-tax rate of 40 percent. Assuming a relevant range, what quantity of units is required for Patton Company to make an after-tax operating profit of $6,000,000 for the year?

MSW:4-2
Break-even and target profits; volume defined in sales dollars. The manager of Hsu's Carryout Express estimates operating costs for the year will total $230,000 for fixed costs.

Required:

a. Find the break-even point in sales dollars with a contribution margin ratio of 40 percent.
b. Find the break-even point in sales dollars with a contribution margin ratio of 20 percent.
c. Find the sales dollars required with a contribution margin ratio of 50 percent to generate a profit of $150,000.

MSW:4-3
CVP analysis with step costs. Techniques Company has one product: customized thumb drives with logos for various businesses. The sales price of $18 remains constant per unit regardless of volume, as does the variable cost of $10 per unit. The company is considering operating at one of the following three monthly levels of operations:

Volume Range
(production and sales) Total
Fixed Costs Increase in Fixed Costs from
Previous Level
Level 1 0-5,000 $ 30,000 --
Level 2 5,001-15,000 50,000 $20,000
Level 3 15,001-30,000 80,000 30,000

Required:

a. Calculate the break-even point(s) in units.
b. If the company can sell everything it makes, should it operate at level 1, level 2, or level 3? Support your answer.

MSW:4-4 Genia Enterprises, Inc. has the capacity to produce 12,000 units per year. Expected operations for the year are

Sales (10,000 units @ $20) $200,000
Manufacturing costs:
Variable $8 per unit
Fixed $40,000
Marketing and administrative costs:
Variable $3 per unit
Fixed $20,000
REQUIRED:
a. What is the expected level of operating profits?
b. Should the company accept a special order for 1,000 units at a selling price of $15 if variable marketing expenses associated with this special order would be $2 per unit? Calculate the incremental profits if the order is accepted.
c. Suppose the company received a special order for 3,000 units at a selling price of $15 with no variable marketing expenses. Calculate the impact on operating profits.

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