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    Managerial Accounting Practices
    Task Name: Phase 3 Individual Project

    Details: Your CEO has limited knowledge of management accounting but of course, is vitally interested in forecasting profitability under different scenarios. He asked you, the management accountant, to begin your report by answering a few basic questions he's always wondered about. He has also given you some data to review and has asked you to report on the expected profitability under some given scenarios.

    Company Data

    Company's average selling price (SP) per unit = $40
    Product's variable cost per unit = $28
    Company's budgeted fixed costs for the upcoming year are expected to be $1,000,000
    You need to complete the following:

    Write a report of 200-300 words including the following:
    What is the difference between break-even analysis and CVP analysis?
    In simple terms:
    What is contribution margin?
    Do managers want contribution margin to be a bigger or smaller figure? Why?
    Below the break-even point, what does every dollar of contribution margin go toward?
    Above the break-even point, what does every dollar of contribution margin go toward?
    Include at least 1 page of calculations for the following scenario analyses:
    What is the break-even point, in units and dollars, for the basic data?
    The sales department thinks it could sell the product at a slightly higher price of $45/unit, but if the price is raised, it may lose 10% of sales volume in units.
    What would the expected profitability be if this higher selling price/unit in fact occurred?
    Based on this, the price be raised? Why? Why not?
    As an alternative increasing the sales price to $45/unit, the CEO is thinking of hiring a new VP of operations to ease his own workload, at a total of $100,000 compensation and benefit cost.
    How much more volume, above the break-even unit volume determined in earlier, would have to be sold to cover this additional cost?
    Obviously the CEO does not want everyone to work hard just to break even. Using just to the original data given:
    What unit volume must be sold for the firm to earn $150,000 of profit?

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    Solution Preview

    What is the difference between break-even analysis and CVP analysis?
    Sales, variable cost, contribution margin , fixed cost and profit are the five components of CVP analysis.
    CVP analysis is based on the following assumptions:
    1. CVP analysis assumes that costs and revenues are linear throughout the relevant range of activities.
    2. Costs can be classified into fixed and variable.
    3. Changes in the activity are the only factor that affects costs.
    4. All units produced are sold. There is no ending inventory.
    5. When the ...

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