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    Change and Decision Making

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    Please help with the following questions as they pertain to Organizational Research & Theory:

    1. Explain the difference between evolutionary change and revolutionary change. Provide examples.

    2. What are the differences between the rational and the Carnegie approaches to decision making? Provide an examples. What are the differences between the incrementalist and the garbage can models? Provide examples.

    Thank you.

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    Solution Preview

    1. Evolutionary change occurs slowly and is very focused. In organizational theory when change management is necessitated, a firm might choose this method to slowly integrate new ideas or processes. A good example of this occurs when a firm acquires a competitor in an effort to gain market share. The firm might decide that evolutionary change is necessary to reduce the chances of top talent of the target company quitting. The parent firm might allow the competitor to operate as usual for a few months and might slowly add their own employees into the mix to slowly change the corporate culture and customer attitudes.

    Revolutionary change occurs quickly and is broad in scope. Revolutionary change is necessary when action must be taken immediately. The current economy is creating a situation where firms must perform mass layoffs to remain profitable. A layoff is a revolutionary type change where a firm must act swiftly to change processes to allow them to be ...

    Solution Summary

    The solution answers several questions pertaining to evolutionary change, revolutionary change, the rational and Carnegie approaches to decision making, and the incrementalist and garbage can models.