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Critical Behavior in Research Template

Address an ethical issue raised in the article by answering the following questions. Limit your response of each question to 125 words:

o What ethical issue is at the heart of the article?

o Why is this issue important to the conduct of research?

o What problems might arise if this issue were not addressed by a researcher?

o How is this issue relevant to researchers in your discipline?

o How do researchers in your discipline address this issue?

o What are your thoughts on how this ethical issue might affect your conduct as a researcher?

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CRITICAL BEHAVIOR IN RESEARCH TEMPLATE

Select one of the articles from the Electronic Reserve Readings located in Week One.

WHAT ETHICAL ISSUE IS AT THE HEART OF THE ARTICLE?
The ethical issues that are discussed throughout this article relate to 10 assumptions regarding casual generalization. As occurs throughout many research studies, casual generalization is an issue, which is problematic in the design, analyses, and reporting of articles (Marshall & Rossman, 1999). Researchers, such as the author of this article, attempt to prevent casual generalizations through various practices/ techniques. As stated, "Causal generalization most commonly refers to whether a study's findings can be extrapolated to a different set of circumstances (e.g., a different setting or different participants)" (Staines, 2008, p. 236).

WHY IS THIS ISSUE IMPORTANT TO THE CONDUCT OF RESEARCH?
According to the researcher of this article, there are ten flawed assumptions regarding casual generalization. These assumptions are especially problematic in quantitative research, though they can be equally problematic in qualitative research (especially in terms of psychological experiments, where a casual generalization paradox is present). Staines (2008) stated, "As Shadish et al. (2002, p. 18) explained, causal generality, although a serious problem in all research, is the Achilles heel of experimentation: "The strength of experimentation is its ability to illuminate causal inference. The weak- ness of experimentation is doubt about the ex- tent to which that causal relationship generalizes" (p, 237). It is important to note, as mentioned throughout this article, that various research lends to the need for casual research, although it is problematic when casual assumptions are made and are not rooted in results/ facts.

WHAT PROBLEMS MIGHT ARISE IF THIS ...

Solution Summary

This solution provides information regarding the role of ethics in research (based upon an article attached to this solution). The solution examines how ethical behavior effects the role of the researchers, as well as the content of the research. There are six foundational questions related to ethics discussed throughout this solution including: the process of conducting the research, problems that could potentially arise, relevance of the issue to the researcher, your discipline (as related to the issue in the article), and finally your thoughts on how this issue might influence you (as the researcher).

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