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    Business ethics & Leadership 2

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    Read the case scenario below and answer the questions

    A pregnant woman leading a group of people out of a cave on a coast is stuck in the mouth of that cave. In a short time high tide will be upon them, and unless she is unstuck, they will all be drowned except the woman, whose head is out of the cave. Fortunately, (or unfortunately) someone has with him a stick of dynamite. There seems no way to get the pregnant woman loose without using the dynamite which will inevitably kill her; but if they do not use it everyone will drown.

    What should they do?
    a) explain the following theories in detail by means of examples.
    1) Utilitarianism
    2) Rights
    3) Justice

    b) Now draw examples from the case study on how the theorist in the case would argue?

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    Solution Preview

    1) Utilitarianism
    This theory is based on decisions made for the greater good of as many people as possible. In other words, any decision used with a utilitarian framework, would make a decision based on the happiness and welfare of the greatest number of people.

    2) Rights
    Rights are set by the society and it is these rules and rights that guide decisions for decision makers.

    3) ...

    Solution Summary

    The solution answers questions based on the given scenario on business ethics and leadership.