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What role does PR play in your organization? Explain your answer. How is PR utilized in various types of organizations? Provide examples. What are some positive and negative aspects of including the PR function within other departments of an organization?
Please provide refs.

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What role does PR play in your organization? Explain your answer.
Public relations (PR) refers to the art of establishing relationship between the organization and the key public. It helps businesses create strong lasting relationships with customers and clients. The main function of public relations is to improve the means of communicating and instituting a two-way flow of information and understanding between the organization and the public.
In the school setting, PR support the school's programs such as fund-raising programs, awareness programs, and other activities that can increase patronage of the school and its services. It helps improve the public image of the school, its prominent personalities and in crisis situations, the role of the PR Officer is very crucial. PR agencies must be timely in transmitting information that helps save the reputation of the school/organization. Good PR officers and agencies have good working relationship with prominent reporters that can boost their opportunities of getting a coverage and be able to plug the company news (Jan 2006). The school's PR Officer plans campaigns and strategies for new students and parents. They also monitor the media perception of the school in front of the public. They write, edit newsletters, websites, press releases and brochures which spread news, events and information about the school. They arrange ...

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The role of public relations. References are included.

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Public Relations Outline and Press Release

Please read the case described below and answer the following questions

1. How would you execute the media relations plan? Write a press release to outline the actions being taken by the company 10 days after the accident.

2. Give an outline of activities that you would engage in and the issues that you would address to maintain and enhance community relations using PR 2.0. Write a fact sheet that you think would help your case.

3. Give an outline of a work plan to maintain and enhance employee relations and enlist all the issues that would need to be covered by this plan.

You can make up facts about the actions being taken.

On October 23, 20XX, the Corporate and Media Communications staff of Phillips Petroleum Company responded to a major fire and explosion at the company's Houston Chemical Complex (H.CC) in Pasadena, Texas. As a result of the accident, 23 workers were killed and another 35 were hospitalized. It was the worst accident in Phillips' history and the worst accident in the petrochemical industry since the Texas City explosion in the 1940s, which killed more than 550 people. The blast was felt as far as 25 miles away. At Rice University, scientists gauged the explosion as the equivalent of 3.5 on the Richter scale. Windows were shattered as far as three miles away, and several hundred vehicles were damaged. The explosion destroyed Phillips' polyethylene facilities, the largest of their kind in the world. Within an hour of the explosion, some 150 representatives of the media, representing 40 news organizations, were at the site.

There was an immediate need to respond to the news media and re¬assure the local community and employees through them. In addition, Phillips' crisis response needed to:
? Preserve and restore Phillips' reputation as a safe, concerned employer
? Reassure the local community of Phillips' commitment to the area ? Provide full details of the accident to the media and chemical trade press
? Maintain media goodwill by being as responsive as possible to special requests and by providing photo opportunities as soon as possible
? Confirm the company's basic health to the financial media
Communications were aimed at the following audiences:
? The media: Covering the HCC accident were more than 40 news organizations, representing local, state, national, and international media, and the chemical trade press
? Residents of the Pasadena area, where most HCC employees reside: Pasadena is a community of some 116,000 residents; it is also an im¬portant suburb of Houston, a city of some 3.6 million people

Objectives
In keeping with Phillips' policy of open, honest, and timely communi¬cations, the goals and objectives of the crisis communications effort were the following:
? Be open and responsive to the media
? Demonstrate top management's concern for employees and the community
? Reassure the local community
? Reassure the financial community

These goals were adopted because of the seriousness of the accident to employees and company property, the effect of the accident on the community, and the intense media interest the accident generated.

Corporate and Media Communications has a standing crisis com¬munications plan for all field locations. Specific details for implementing the plan vary by event and are always governed by local conditions. In an emergency, Corporate and Media Communications works with local management and with a predesignated local official who has received training in media response. (A main objective of Corporate and Media Communications is to have trained spokespersons at all field locations.} Because of the seriousness of this event, Corporate and Media Commu¬nications recommended that top management be part of the communica-tions effort and that corporate communications specialists go to the site to assist local management. In addition, the plan called for the following:
Media Relations
? An announcement would be made to the press as soon as possible.
? Press briefings would be held routinely and with regard to media deadlines.
? Media rooms would be established at HCC and the Bartlesville, Oklahoma, headquarters complex.
? The press would be taken to the site of the accident as soon as pos¬sible in order to help them understand-and relay to the public¬ the difficulty of the search and rescue effort under way.

Community Relations
The Company would use the media, paid advertising, and personal letters to show appreciation for the aid and assistance received in responding to the crisis.

Funding for the HCC emergency response was paid for from a spe¬cial account established for insurance purposes. Expenditures were ap¬proved as the need arose, following expedited approval processes. The time schedule was dictated by events and by the company's commit¬ment to respond

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