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Discussion of the Four Functions of Management

The four functions of management are planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. Are these all-encompassing, or do you think that there are other functions that should be included? Why or why not?

Please provide references. Thanks!

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The four functions of management do in fact seem to be all encompassing. When one thinks of other functions of being a manager, ideas like being a team player or being the team cheerleader come in mind. These aren't functions on their own, but they can be categorized within the current four function design. In the article, Management Concepts - The Four Functions of Management, the author, Jayashree Pakhare, describes very well not only the four functions, but what each details and includes which truly allows the reader to see that the four functions are indeed all encompassing.

Planning is the number on foundation function of management. It is the function that all other functions are built on. Planning is an unending task. One suggestion of the aforementioned author for how to best plan anything as a manager is to use the well know SWOT (strength, weakness, opportunity, threats) analysis table. ...

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A discussion of the four functions of management are determined.