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Data Collection and Data Analysis tools

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Examine 2 data collection and analysis tools that can be used in consulting projects. Compare and contrast these tools, identifying advantages and disadvantages of each method. Also, Recommend processes to overcome any disadvantages.

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Data collection tools:

There are several data collection tools available, and I will highlight 2 different tools:

a) Online surveys. This is becoming a very popular way to collect data for projects. Consultants can send out mass emails to individuals or corporations asking them to fill out an online survey.
b) Historical data collection: this is a very simple way of collecting data - it is essentially archival in nature. If you are looking at a trend, you would go back to journals, periodicals, newspapers, databases... and collect the data that you need.

Advantages:
a) It is easy, convenient, available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. You can see the results in real time, and you can target people within a very broad geographical reach. It is quite economical (more so then the traditional telephone surveys) and you don't need to have man power to call everyone. You can also collect data anonymously, which might ...

Solution Summary

This posting highlights 2 different data collection tools (online survey and historical data collection), provides advantages and disadvantages of each. It then explains 2 data analysis tools (SPSS and SAS) and contrasts them against each other.

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Health Research Critique

Please help me with some beginning information so that I can prepare a critical analysis of a quantitative study focusing on protection of human participants, data collection, data management and analysis, problem statement, and interpretation of findings.

To write a critical appraisal that demonstrates comprehension of the research study conducted, and respond to each of the action items listed under the headings below.

CRITICAL APPRAISAL GUIDELINES: QUANTITATIVE STUDY
Introduction
• Develop a topic sentence in which you will define the purpose of the Research Critique, Part 2
• Formulate a thesis statement which briefly provides a broad indication of your point of view in composing this assignment.
• Include a summary outline to describe the organization and main topics you will include in the body paragraphs of the assignments (see below sections).
Protection of Human Participants
• Identify the benefits and risks of participation addressed by the authors. Were there benefits or risks the authors do not identify?
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects or participants?
• Did it seem that the subjects participated voluntarily in the study?
• Was institutional review board approval obtained from the agency in which the study was conducted?

Data Collection
• Are the major variables (independent and dependent variables) identified and defined? What were these variables?
• How were data collected in this study?
• What rationale did the author provide for using this data collection method?
• Identify the time period for data collection of the study.
• Describe the sequence of data collection events for a participant.

Data Management and Analysis
• Describe the data management and analysis methods used in the study.
• Did the author discuss how the rigor of the process was assured? For example, does the author describe maintaining a paper trail of critical decisions that were made during the analysis of the data? Was statistical software used to ensure accuracy of the analysis?
• What measures were used to minimize the effects of researcher bias (their experiences and perspectives)? For example, did two researchers independently analyze the data and compare their analyses?

Findings / Interpretation of Findings: Implications for Practice and Future Research
• What is the researcher's interpretation of findings?
• Are the findings valid or an accurate reflection of reality? Do you have confidence in the findings?
• What limitations of the study were identified by researchers?
• Was there a coherent logic to the presentation of findings?
• What implications do the findings have for nursing practice? For example, can the study findings be applied to general nursing practice, to a specific population, to a specific area of nursing?
• What suggestions are made for further studies?

Conclusion
• Emphasize the importance and congruity of the thesis statement
• Provide a logical wrap-up to bring the appraisal to completion and to leave a lasting impression and take-away points useful in nursing practice.
• Incorporate a critical appraisal and a brief analysis of the utility and applicability of the findings to nursing practice.
• Integrate a summary of the knowledge learned.

Reference
Burns, N., & Grove, S. (2011). Understanding Nursing Research (5th ed.). Elsevier. ISBN-13: 9781437707502

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