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    Federal employment laws

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    Discuss specific employment situations and issues you have encountered. Include what you know about employment conflicts, questions, grievances, lawsuits, etc., whether encountered personally or encountered by an acquaintance. Analyze the experienced employment situation and describe the legal actions taken to handle or resolve the situations.

    Describe employment issues and situations you encountered, explaining and addressing as many of the following items as they apply to the experience:
    Describe the history and evolution of federal employment laws pertaining to each employment situation. Include descriptions and application of such acts as Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, and the Family and Medical Leave Act.In what manner the above-discussed federal employment laws were effective in resolving or not resolving each specific employment situation.Which actions, if any, the employers involved in the situation were obligated to perform certain functions as a result of complying with the federal employment acts.Also,explain how the employment situations would or could have been handled if the worker involved in the situation was not an "employee," but an agent of the company or a contract laborer. Explain whether or not the protection afforded workers under the federal employment acts applies to agents or contract laborers.
    Describe how the situations would or could have been handled if the worker was a member of a union or a party to a collective bargaining contract. (Limit 300 words).

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    TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964: This is a historical legislation because it disallowed segregation in the US schools and public places. Before it only the fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution provided some protection. The bill for this law had been introduced by President John F. Kennedy in his civil rights speech of June 11, 1963 where he asked for a law that gave all Americans the right to be served in facilities that are open to public.

    The above discussed legislation has been effective in reducing discrimination based on color, race, sex, national origin and religion. The employers are now obliged to make sure that they do not discriminate against any employee based on color, race, sex, national origin or religion. Otherwise a complaint can be lodged with the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission.Title VII only applies to employers that employ 15 or more worker, however, the membership of a union is not necessary nor does a membership of a union disables a person from filing charges.

    THE PREGNANCY DISCRIMINATION ACT: The historical background of THE PREGNANCY DISCRIMINATION ACT, is that it is an amendment to the Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. It prohibits discrimination on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth or related conditions. In other words Women that are affected by pregnancy must be treated at par with other employees or applicants for a position. THE PREGNANCY DISCRIMINATION ACT prohibits employers from refusing a position to a woman because she is pregnant if she is able to perform her ...

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