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Contract Formation

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Can you please outline the questions asked within this assignment so that I can better understand the contracts of businesses? Thanks for your time.

You are working for the City of Anytown's Counsel, and it seems that your work largely involves shooting down the mayor's "creative" ideas to boost tourism. He is taken with the idea of an advertising campaign developed around auctioning Anytown on eBay! He thinks that no one will take the auction seriously but that people will come to Anytown to satisfy their curiosity.

As you and your boss are rolling your eyes at each other, you remember a similar situation: the Pepsi Harrier-Jet case. You offer to provide background information and write an executive summary addressing specific issues around contracts.

Seattle Man Loses in Battle With Pepsi for Harrier-Jet Prize
Wall Street Journal, August 9, 1999.

John D. R. Leonard took PepsiCo seriously when one of its Pepsi stuff commercials made an offer of a Harrier jet, the famous high-tech "jump jet" used by the U.S. Marines. In a TV commercial that aired in 1995, Pepsi jokingly included the Harrier as one of the prizes that could be received with a mere 7 million Pepsi points. While that sounds like a lot of points to get from drinking Pepsi products (roughly 190 Pepsis a day for 100 years), the company also allowed customers to purchase points for 10 cents a piece.

Leonard did the math, and discovered that the cost of the 7 million points needed for the jet was a mere $700,000. He then put together a business plan, raised the $700,000 from friends and family, and submitted 15 Pepsi points, the check, and an official order form along with a demand for the Harrier jet.

PepsiCo wrote back, stating: "The Harrier jet in the Pepsi commercial is fanciful and is simply included to create a humorous and entertaining ad. We apologize for any misunderstanding or confusion that you may have experienced and are enclosing some free product coupons for your use."

The free coupons did not satisfy Leonard, who then took PepsiCo to task in court. Finally, on August 5, 1999, a federal judge for the Southern District of New York held that PepsiCo was only joking when it implied in its ad that it was giving away fighter jets. Judge Wood noted that since the jets sell for approximately $23 million each, "no objective person could reasonably have concluded that the commercial actually offered consumers a Harrier jet." Instead, this was a classic example of a deal too good to be true.

If you wish to find out more about this case (and the rationale underlying Judge Wood's decision) you can view the entire opinion and order.

Write an executive summary answering the following questions:

* What are the four elements of a valid contract?
* Describe the objective theory of contracts. How does that theory apply to this case?
* Why do you think the court held that there was not a valid agreement here?
* Are advertisements generally considered offers? Why or why not?
* How does this case differ from a reward situation, where a unilateral contract is formed upon completion of the requested act?


Seattle man loses in battle with Pepsi for Harrier-jet prize. (1999, August). Wall Street Journal.

For assistance with your assignment, please use your text, Web resources, and all course materials. Please refer to the following multimedia course material(s):

* Unit 3: Contractual Law
* Unit 3: Researching Business Law and Contracts

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Solution Summary

The legal elements to form a binding contract include: a meeting of the minds, offer and acceptance, consideration and performance or delivery.

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My responses are below. If you have a textbook, you may want to double check on the elements of a contract because the elements I listed are the ones that I learned in law school, each jurisdiction may be different or they may be worded differently in your text.

***You may want to re-word my response a little to fit your writing style.***

Thanks and good luck!!

----------- The legal elements to form a binding contract include: a meeting of the minds, offer and acceptance, consideration and performance or delivery.

Meeting of the minds, or mutual consent, refers to the fact that the parties to the contract have a mutual understanding of what the contract covers. The contract involves an offer to another party, who accepts the offer. A counter-offer is not an acceptance, and will typically be treated as a rejection of the ...

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