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# Calculate EPS, and DFL

Southern Inc. has EBIT of \$3,500,000, and total capital of \$20,000,000 that is 15% debt. There are 1,700,000 shares outstanding, which sell at book value. The firm pays 10% interest on its debt and is subject to a combined tax rate of 40%. Southern plans to restructure its capital to 60% debt.

a. Make a simple calculation that indicates whether at the current level of profitability more debt will enhance results? Draw a conclusion in fifteen words or less.

b. Calculate EPS, and DFL at the current and proposed structures using the
following worksheet:

(\$000 except for EPS, DFL and Shares)

Current Proposed
EBIT \$3,500 \$3,500
Interest -------- -------
EBT ------- -------
Tax ------- -------
NI ------- -------
DEBT ------- ------
EQUITY ------- --------
TOT CAP \$20,000 \$20,000
SHARES 1,700,000
EPS ------- --------
DFL ------ -------

c. Use your results to point out two conflicting influences the change will have on
share price.

Part b) Alasco Inc.'s fixed operating costs are \$20.8 million and its variable cost ratio is 0.30. The firm has \$10 million in bonds outstanding with a coupon interest rate of 9%. Revenues are \$32.2 million. Compute Alascoâ??s degree of total leverage (DTL).

Part c) New Generation Enterprises has an EBIT of \$3.5 million, can borrow at 15% interest, and pays combined provincial and federal income taxes of 40%. It currently has no debt and is capitalized by equity of \$20 million. The firm has 2 million shares of common shares outstanding that trade at book value. Calculate New Generation's NI, ROE, and EPS currently and at capital structures that have 20%, 40%, 60%, and 80% debt. Compare the EPS at the different leverage levels, and the amount of change between levels as leverage increases. What happens to the effect of more debt as leverage increases from a little to a lot?

#### Solution Summary

The expert calculates the EPS and the DFL

\$2.19