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    Each serotype of Streptococcus pneumoniae

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    Using Streptococcus pneumoniae as an example, this solution describes how serological tests can distinguish between multiple different serotypes of a bacterial species. S. pneumoniae has over 80 different serotypes; however, serological reactions are sensitive enough to differentiate the various serotypes.

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 2, 2022, 11:16 am ad1c9bdddf
    https://brainmass.com/biology/prokaryotic-cells/serotype-streptococcus-pneumoniae-337589

    SOLUTION This solution is FREE courtesy of BrainMass!

    Each serotype of Streptococcus pneumoniae has differences in the identity of the surface proteins, some of which may only be a small number of amino acids. Antibodies bind very specifically to a given serotype of bacteria, and the binding can be abrogated by as little as one amino acid change. Therefore antibodies against one serotype do not cross-react with other serotypes.

    This content was COPIED from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 2, 2022, 11:16 am ad1c9bdddf>
    https://brainmass.com/biology/prokaryotic-cells/serotype-streptococcus-pneumoniae-337589

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